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Enhancing Fertility in Couples

One major problem that affects the relationship between couples id infertility where a female is unable to get pregnant or even carry a pregnancy to full term or a male being unable to make a fertile female pregnant. The intensity of infertility usually varies between men and women although the causes are different too. Immune infertility which interferes with sperm motility and transportation after ejaculation and may be caused by surgery, trauma, breakdown of a man’s blood-testis barrier, prostatitis, infections, and cancer are some of the causes of infertility in men. Conditions such as varicocele among others may make the testes to produce low or poor quality sperms which is also a cause of infertility in men. Support of the testes such as hormonal problems and affected general health may also be prevented due to conditions such as obesity, coeliac disease, drug and substance abuse, DNA damage and epigenetic conditions leading to infertility.

In female, infertility leads to a lot of stigma on women and can occur due to various conditions such as diseases, poor nutrition as well as uterus malformations. Causes of infertility in women are categorized into three including genetic, acquired or can also be due to the location of the infertility problem in the female reproductive systems. Chromosomal abnormalities leading to various mutations of the sex chromosomes is the major cause of chromosomal infertility in women. Advancement in age, smoking tobacco, sexually transmitted infections, obesity and eating disorders, chemotherapy diabetes, coeliac disease, kidney and liver diseases among other are some of the acquired factors that lead to infertility in women. The reproductive organs in female may lead to infertility such as genetic defects on the ovaries, endometriosis and tubal occlusion in the fallopian tube, fibroids and malformation in the uterus, antisperm antibodies in the cervix, as well as vaginal obstruction.

When treating infertility in both male and female, it is important to visit a health clinic the has reproductive health practitioners who are likely to identify the cause of the infertility and guide a person on the suitable treatment method. In men, infertility can be treated used various techniques depending on the underlying cause of the infertility such as surgery, taking of vitamin E medication as well as hormonal therapy. In female, treatment of infertility can be done mostly through prevention but depend on what has caused the infertility. Some of the ways that one can use to prevent occurrence of infertility in women include leading a lifestyle that is healthy with abundant exercises and reduced uptake of caffeine, alcohol and smoking. One can also prevent or treat existing diseases, avoid delaying parenthood as well as freezing the eggs to preserve one’s fertility.

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